BUDDHISM – This religious conviction was found by a Prince Siddhartha Gautam who presently got famous as Buddha. He was also acknowledged as ‘Sakyamuni’. Gautam Buddha provided teachings and taught Four Noble Truths which in due course, leads to the way to attain Enlightenment or celebrated as ‘Nirvana’ by the Buddhists. The Buddhists believers and followers built memorials renowned as ‘stupas’ at those places where Buddhavisited, lived, or preached.
The president of the Soka Gakkai International, Daisaku Ikeda in a dialogue with world-famous sociologist of religion Bryan Wilson, states that contemporary social thought originating in the West maintains vestiges of a Christian worldview. Ikeda points out that even these days, when belief in a Christian God has diminished, ideological and national causes have taken the place of God, with mass killing often being glorified and justified in the names of those causes. Insisting that no cause takes preference over the theory of the sanctity of human life, he highlights the significant role Buddhism can play in creating a new civilization structure. The propensity in modern Western thought to place complete value on such things as freedom, reason, human rights, equality, and the surrounding can lead to the value of human life being devalued.
In events ranging from aggressive world-shattering movements such as the Russian and French revolutions to the inquisitive recent phenomena of eco-fascism, human rights fascism, and peace fascism, one can discern thinking that precedence over human beings to doctrines similar to those used to validate attacks on heretics during the Christian Inquest in the middle ages. President Ikeda demands a reversal of the trend where individuals serve the ends of faith, and instead have religion serve individuals. The importance of this application extends beyond simple spiritual dispute, and defies the monotheistic archetype regarding the human being that exists, although largely unconsciously, in today’s modern world.
However, that said, an elementary theoretical question remains. Does the Buddhist outlook of the human being contain a way of life that can sublate this civilizational archetype? Particularly, can the Buddhist viewpoint of the Soka Gakkai International (sgi)–Soka philosophy–fulfill this undertaking?
It is employed in the Buddhist set of guidelines of human subjectivity, where the person keenly embodies the elementary power of the decree that gives rise to the planet in a mesh of mutually interdependent and interconnected relationships.
Therefore, the Soka Gakkai International (sgi) at present also refers to the Law as the cosmic life, or life of the universe. It has been endorsing a new Buddhist movement based on the dignity of life and humanism.In addition, since one feature of the Law is compassion, Buddhist practitioners are led to take sympathetic action on their own enterprise. Although the Soka Gakkai’s vision of the verdict does not lend itself to verification by logical reasoning, it can no doubt be considered as an applicable modern understanding of early Buddhist thinking.